Styles Covered in ZUMBA® FITNESS
 
A typical Zumba® session lasts  an hour and incorporates several Dance styles
 
   
Merengue

Merengue is the national dance and music of the Dominican Republic
 
Salsa

Salsa is a syncretic dance genre from Cuba, as the meeting point of European and African popular culture. It later spread to Puerto Rico and the rest of the Caribbean Isles. Salsa is essentially Cuban with deep Afro-Cuban beats
 
Cumbia

A Latin-American dance originating among African slave populations on Colombia's Atlantic coast and characterized by short sliding steps
 
Axé

Axé is a solo dance that started in 1992 during the Brazilian Carnival season in Bahia when the Axé rhythm replaced the Lambada.
For years it became the major type of dance for the North east of Brazil during the holiday months
 
Reggaeton
Reggaeton's roots started off as Spanish reggae in Panama
Reggaeton blends West-Indian music influences of reggae and dancehall with those of Latin America
 
Plena

Plena is a folkloric genre native of Puerto Rico. Its creation was influenced by African and Spanish music

 

Cha Cha

Cha-cha is the name of a Latin American dance of Cuban origin
 
    Flamenco                                                                     

Flamenco is a Spanish art form with roots deep in Andalusia — Spain’s southern region. Although there are clues as to how this dance and folk music evolved, the details are lost in history
 
Belly Dance

Belly dance is a Western-coined name for a traditional Middle Eastern dance. 
Belly dance takes many different forms depending on country and region, both in costume and dance style;; and new styles have been invented in the West as its popularity has spread globally.
 
Samba

Samba is a Brazilian dance and musical genre originating in African roots. It is recognized around the world as a symbol of Brazil and the Brazilian Carnival. 

LambaZouk

History & Background
The members of the band Kassav’s originally came from the French Antilles islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique where parties are called zouks. Since Kassav's music was the music of choice at the zouks, their music came to be known as Zouk music and a genre was born. By the mid80s other Antillean bands began to cater to the demand for Zouk music and its popularity spread around the globe. Surprisingly, after all these years the popularity of Zouk is still very much a local phenomenon in some regions. In Canada for instance, it is popular primarily in Quebec. Also very popular in France and Belgium.  Zouk is both a dance and a type of music. This sensual and energetic dance has roots in Brazilian Lambada and Samba, while the music has French Caribbean roots.
Characteristic Movements of Zouk Dance
Zouk has a characteristic wave-like movement, elongated steps and striking hair movements by the lady. The movements are a rhythmic side to side and a rippling forward and back wave-like motion. Body rolls are reminiscent of the Samba, while hip grinds are reminiscent of the Lambada. 
Accomplished female dancers roll their head in a circular motion and from side to side keeping to the rhythm of the music, and thereby creating a fluid and sensual quality to their dance. Sometimes they punctuate the end of a sequence or step pattern with a back arch and throwing back of the head.
The embrace when dancing Zouk-Lambada is very close. The follower dances on the balls of her feet (heels off the ground — as if tip-toeing on hot sand) with a twisting motion so that her steps appear to grind the floor (as if stubbing out a cigarette). This in turn which emphasizes her hip movements.
Music
The inspiration for Zouk's style of rhythmic music comes from Haitian rhythms, as well as music called cadence - music of Dominica popularized by Grammacks and Exile One. Zouk music started to become popular around the time Lambada music was fading from the Brazilian dance scene. After Lambada music stopped being composed, Brazilian Lambada dancers started to use the Zouk music. Soon, an off-shoot of Zouk called Zouk Lambada was born.
 
African

African dance refers mainly to the dance of Sub-Saharan Africa, and more appropriately African dances because of the many cultural differences in musical and movement styles. These dances must be viewed in close connection with African Music, as many African languages have no word to define music
 
 Calypso

Calypso rhythms can be traced back to the first African slaves brought to work in the sugar plantations of Trinidad, the was used as means for communation and to mock the slave masters.  
 
 Country / Rock and Roll

Country western dance is an amalgam of rhythms brought by immigrants from Europe, Russia and other countries, unified into simple but spirited steps and patterns that will have your students hootin', hollerin' and havin' a blast. So get off the saddle and get down on the dance floor!

Quebradita
Quebradita is a modern Mexican-American dance style which became popular in L.A. and across the southwestern U.S. in the '90s. Usually accompanied by a brass band music style called banda, it is recognizable by its western clothing, hat tricks and daring flips.
 
Rumba

 
 
Techno Dance

  
Pop

Dance routines that really "pop" with hits from five multi-platinum Latin artists: Pitbull, Jennifer Lopez (aka J.Lo), Shakira, Enrique Iglesias and Ricky Martin. By blending classic Latin sounds with hip-hop, house and dance music
 
Techno Cumbia

 
Latin Dance

  
Guajira / Hip Hop

 Swing
 

"Swing dance" is a group of dances that developed concurrently with the swing style of jazz music in the 1920s, '30s and '40s, although the earliest of these dance forms predate swing jazz music. The best known of these dances is the Lindy Hop, a popular partner dance that originated in Harlem and is still danced today. While the majority of swing dances began in African American communities as vernacular African American dances, a number of forms (Balboa, for example) developed within Anglo-American or other ethnic group communities.


 
French Reggaeton
 
Latin Pop
 
Belly Dance/Reggaeton
 
Cumbia/Hip Hop 
 
Samba Pop
 
Latin Pop/Rock
 
Salsa/Reggaeton
 
Brazilian Dance
 
Flamenco Pop
 
Bollywood/Bhangra
 
Belly Dance/Salsa/Reggaeton
 
Merengue/Hip Hop
 
Rumba Flamenca
 
Latin Hip Hop
 
Tambores Venezolanos
 
Axe/Belly Dance